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69 Piazza Cenci Rome 186 Italy 39.348.410.6419 Showrooms
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Via di Monserrato 14
*Roma 00186
Italy
$ 12,000

Figurative Sculpture Marble Polychrome Portrait Bust of Roman Emperor Augustus

Period 1980-1999
Materials marble hand carved
Dimensions
W. 26.38 in; H. 34.25 in; D. 13.78 in;
W. 67 cm; H. 87 cm; D. 35 cm;
Condition Good.
Description A very impressive and beautiful portrait marble polychrome sculpture bust of the famous roman emperor Augustus. Made in polychrome marble, the head is carved in white statuary marble and the bust is in Fior di Pesco marble; the Lion's head and the accessories are in the precious Portoro Marble and some insert in Red Imperial Porphyry, knew as the marble of the emperors. Caesar Augustus, also known as Octavian, was the first Roman emperor, reigning from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. His status as the founder of the Roman Principate (the first phase of the Roman Empire) has consolidated a legacy as one of the most effective leaders in human history. The reign of Augustus initiated an era of relative peace known as the Pax Romana. The Roman world was largely free from large-scale conflict for more than two centuries, despite continuous wars of imperial expansion on the Empire's frontiers and the year-long civil war known as the "Year of the Four Emperors" over the imperial succession.Augustus dramatically enlarged the Empire, annexing Egypt, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Noricum and Raetia, expanding possessions in Africa, and completing the conquest of Hispania, but suffered a major setback in Germania. Beyond the frontiers, he secured the Empire with a buffer region of client states and made peace with the Parthian Empire through diplomacy. He reformed the Roman system of taxation, developed networks of roads with an official courier system, established a standing army, established the Praetorian Guard, official police and fire-fighting services for Rome, and rebuilt much of the city during his reign. Augustus died in AD 14 at the age of 75, probably from natural causes.
On his deathbed, Augustus boasted "I found a Rome of bricks; I leave to you one of marble." Although there is some truth in the literal meaning of this, Cassius Dio asserts that it was a metaphor for the Empire's strength. Marble could be found in buildings of Rome before Augustus, but it was not extensively used as a building material until the reign of Augustus. He also built the Temple of Caesar, the Baths of Agrippa, and the Forum of Augustus with its Temple of Mars Ultor.[261] Other projects were either encouraged by him, such as the Theatre of Balbus, and Agrippa's construction of the Pantheon, or funded by him in the name of others, often relations (e.g. Portico of Octavia, Theatre of Marcellus). Even his Mausoleum of Augustus was built before his death to house members of his family. To celebrate his victory at the Battle of Actium, the Arch of Augustus was built in 29 BC near the entrance of the Temple of Castor and Pollux, and widened in 19 BC to include a triple-arch design
Styles / Movements Old Master, Other
Incollect Reference Number 475075
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