William James Glackens

American, 1870 - 1938
William Glackens was a member of the artists group, The Eight, who favored cheerful subjects of leisure activities over the dark manner and social realism of others in that circle. Born in Philadelphia, Glackens attended Central High School along with John Sloan and the collector Albert C. Barnes. In 1891 he began a career as an artist-reporter for various Philadelphia newspapers and in the evenings, attended classes at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. That same year Sloan introduced him to Robert Henri, with whom Glackens shared a studio for a year and a half. After traveling to France and The Netherlands in 1895, Glackens moved to New York, where he continued working as an artist-reporter, magazine illustrator, and painter. In 1898 he accompanied the U.S. Army to Cuba to record the Spanish-American War for McClure’s magazine. Glackens gave up illustration in order to devote himself to painting in 1904. He made a second trip to Europe in 1906, returning to New York to prepare for an exhibition of paintings by The Eight held in 1908. In the same year, one of Glackens’s paintings was shown at the National Academy of Design, where the New York public was surprised at the change in the artist’s palette. After nearly a decade and a half of producing paintings that reflected the influence of Robert Henri in their muted colors and gestural brushstrokes, Glackens, inspired by his visits to France and the Netherlands, had turned to depicting outdoor scenes, using bright, lively colors. His change in style was reinforced by frequent trips to France, including a 1912 journey sponsored by his friend Albert Barnes, who sent Glackens to France as his agent to purchase contemporary French paintings, including works by Cézanne, Matisse, and Renoir. Glackens served as chairman of the committee that selected American art for the Armory Show in 1913, and later, in 1917, was first president of the Society of Independent Artists. Glackens’s mature style suggests Monet’s paintings of the 1860s in the broad and direct treatment of color, quick touch, and jewel-like dashes of color that denote foliage and the sun’s shimmering reflections on the water. Glackens distinguished himself from impressionism, however, by not allowing light to dissolve the contour of his forms. From about 1925 to 1932 he divided his time between New York and France, but he continued his involvement in the New York art world and his friendship with other artists associated with The Eight until his death in 1938.
William Glackens Paintings
William James Glacken was born in 1870. Glackens took night courses at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art and studied with Robert Henri. He found work as an illustrator for the Philidelphia Record. In 1865, Glackens moved to New York City and worked for the New York Herald and the New York World. He was sent in 1898 to Cuba by another employer, McClure's, to cover the Spanish-American War. Upon his arrival back in New York, Galckens began to focus on his easel painting. In 1908 Glackens exhibited his work in the only show of "The Eight", at the Macbeth Gallery. However, after this show, he would be associated more with the Ashcan School. His mature paletter and subject matter later in his career earned him the nickname "American Renoir". In 1912 Glackens went abroad to pbuy paintings for a patron, Albert Barnes. The Barnes Foundation Merion, PA now holds the major Imperrsionist collection that Glacken acquired. "Chez Mouquin"is Glacken's own masterpiece of Impressionism. The painting shows a couple seated in a French cafe and displays Glacken's drawing ability and exqusite detail. He died in 1938.

Biography courtesy of The Caldwell Gallery, www.antiquesandfineart.com/caldwell
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