Offered by: Calderwood Gallery
242 Geiger Rd. Philadelphia, PA 19115 , United States Call Seller 215.327.8664


Maurice Dufrene gilt bronze and Daum glass ceiling fixture

Price Upon Request
  • Description
    Classic French Art Deco ceiling fixture/chandelier by Maurice Dufrene, circa 1920, in gilt bronze; with Daum (signed) glass shades. 27” diameter overall x 33” high.

    (1876 - 1955)

    One of the premiere French designers of the 20th Century, Maurice Dufrene was born in Paris in 1876. He was educated at Ecole Nationale Superieure des Arts Decoratifs in Paris. By 1899, at the age of just 23, he became the director and manager of La Maison Moderne. This shop represented an association of artists who were working together to create designs which could be produced in multiples.

    Dufrene's work was first shown at salons in 1902 and from 1903 he regularly exhibited at Salon d'Automne and Salons of Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts. At the 1925 Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes (which would later give the movement "Art Deco" its name), Dufrene's designs included luxury boutiques, the living room of Une Ambassade Francaise pavilion, the music salon, and the interior of La Maitrise pavilion.

    In 1904, Dufrene became one of the co-founders of Societe des Artistes Decorateurs which became a pivotal designers' organization and the facilitator of annual exhibitions that provided a venue for contemporary design and were well-documented by the press.

    He was one of the very few French designers to exhibit at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition held in San Francisco.

    Dufrene designed furniture, glass, textiles, leather goods, stoneware and porcelain. He taught at the Ecole Boulle and the Ecole des Arts Appliques in Paris and was one of the principal designers of the first modernist film sets (1919 film Le carnaval des verites).

    In 1922 he became creator and director of La Maitrise design studio of Les Galeries Lafayette in Paris - and the full flowering of his talent became apparent in his refined furniture designs and complete interiors.

    His inspiration was taken from 18th and 19th Century designs, with a modern approach and his interiors ranged eclectically from townhouses to avant-garde to glass, metal and mirrors, to commissions from Le Mobilier National for embassies and the Palais de l'Elysee in Paris. He would remain at La Maitrise until 1952.

    His illustrious career included teaching and theory, and he considered ornamentation an essential element of design and had no interest in the minimalism of Ie style 25. He rejected mass-production art in favor of the aristocratic tradition of luxury.
  • More Information
    Documentation: Signed
    Period: 1920-1949
    Creation Date: 1920
    Styles / Movements: Modern, Art Deco
    Dealer Reference #: 1594
    Incollect Reference #: 660425
  • Dimensions
    H. 33 in; Diam. 27 in;
    H. 83.82 cm; Diam. 68.58 cm;
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