Aubusson tapestry is a type of tapestry that originated in the town of Aubusson, located in central France. The tapestries date back to the 15th century and are known for their high quality and intricate designs.
Aubusson tapestries were originally made for aristocratic patrons, and often depicted scenes from mythology, history, or religion. During the 18th and 19th centuries, Aubusson tapestries were also produced for middle-class clients, and the designs became more eclectic, incorporating popular themes of the time.
Aubusson tapestries are hand-woven on a loom using a technique called "haute-lisse", which involves weaving the threads vertically. The designs are created by a "cartoonist" who draws the design to scale, and the weavers use this as a guide to create the tapestry.
Today, Aubusson tapestries are still produced by a few artisans and workshops in the town, using traditional techniques and materials. The tapestries are highly prized by collectors and are considered important works of art, with some pieces fetching high prices at auction.
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