Offered by: Appleton
27 Mountain Street Camden, ME 04843 , United States Call Seller 207.691.6077


pair of cleo campaign

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  • Description
    Cleo Baldon pair of campaign chairs from her Contract line manufactured by Terra in the mid 1960s thru the mid 1970s.
    The wrought iron chairs are lacquered in their original black color with fumed oak rods and bridle ties on the back cushions.
    This chair was featured in the California Design/ Nine exhibition at the Pasadena Art Museum in 1965.
    Cleo Baldon was instrumental in promoting the swimming pool culture of Southern California and developed the infinity pool.
    Her furniture is beautifully crafted both in the framing and the upholstery.
    According to conversations she had with my partner she knew of four companies that copied her designs.
    All of the chairs have been restored and are in excellent condition.
    Cleo Baldon formed the partnership of Galper-Baldon Associates, a landscape architectural design firm, with Sid Grapher. Baldon oversaw virtually all the projects for Galper-Baldon Associates, with the exception of landscape plantings.[2] In 1985, Baldon told the Los Angeles Times that "I don't understand plants."[2] Her partner Sid Galper was the horticulturist. Baldon designed over 3,000 swimming pools in Southern California and held a design patent for the contour spa with ergonomic underwater seating. She has been credited with the development of the lap pool, which she claimed to have introduced to California in 1970.[1]

    Aside from her architectural work, Baldon designed furniture and formed the California company Terra with Galper-Baldon partner Sid Galper. The company manufactured and sold quality outdoor furniture.[2]

    Baldon never approached a furniture manufacturer with designs. She was too busy for that. But she happened to do a house for a client who had a manufacturer friend, and in the early 1960s she began supplying designs to the firm.

    They were largely upholstered-seating designs, and Baldon believes that she was influenced by the outdoor trappings of the West--by saddles and cowboy boots.

    (Some of her cushions were attached to chairs with straps like those that fasten a saddle onto a horse.) She also acknowledges some influence from the Mission-style chairs that she remembers from an aunt’s home.

    In 1965 she and Galper founded the Terra company.

    The idea was to sell a line of quality outdoor furniture “because there was nothing but Brown Jordan to put in the yard.”

    That was not quite how things turned out, however, because Baldon introduced a line that sold phenomenally well.

    What she did was to turn the metal legs and struts at an angle, so that instead of the flat edge being presented to one’s eye, the right angle at the corner is what’s noticed first.

    “It’s more sculptural; it gives you another dimension. I’ve only seen it once anywhere else--in the grilles of a medieval house in Verona.”

    Another successful Terra line is oak furniture coated with polyurethane.

    “The oak keeps moving under it,” Baldon says. “Maybe that’s why the Druids favored oak--because the material is never dead. Cut it up and it wiggles in the night.”
  • More Information
    Documentation: Documented elsewhere (exact item)
    Origin: United States, California
    Period: 1950-1979
    Materials: Wrought Iron and fumed oak
    Condition: Good. Good condition
    Creation Date: 1968
    Number of Pieces: 2-3
    Styles / Movements: Studio Craft, Campaign, Mid Century
    Catalog References: Terra catalog
    Incollect Reference #: 354168
  • Dimensions
    W. 23.5 in; H. 32 in; D. 21 in;
    W. 59.69 cm; H. 81.28 cm; D. 53.34 cm;
    Seat H. 19 in; Arm H. 25 in;
    Seat H. 48.26 cm; Arm H. 63.5 cm;
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